Since the outbreak of civil war in 1991, there has been no central government control over most of Somalia’s territory. The internationally recognized Transitional Federal Government controls only a small part of the country. Somalia has been characterized as a failed state, one of the poorest and most violent in the world. An estimated 3.6 million people, over one-third of the population, are considered to be in need of emergency assistance.
How We Are Helping?
UNCDF is helping to address development challenges in Somalia through initiatives to improve public service delivery and to increase local government access to financing for infrastructure.
The UN Joint Programme on Local Governance and Decentralized Service Delivery for Somalia is implemented by UNCDF, UNDP, ILO, UN-HABITAT and UNICEF and supported as well by external donors such as Denmark, DFID, Norway and Sida. The programme adopts an holistic approach to developing local governance capacity while broadening civic awareness and participation.
Within this framework, UNCDF is piloting a Local Development Fund in Somaliland and Puntland, two relatively peaceful regions of the country. The local fund has been designed to support financing of local infrastructure, with the aim to demonstrate how local constraints can deliver both infrastructures and services that respond to the expressed needs of communities.