The 19th Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (COP-19) to the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) was held in Warsaw, Poland from 11 to 22 November 2013.
The meeting was a pivotal moment to advance international climate action and showcase a growing momentum to address climate change at all levels of society.
At the end of September, the UN’s Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change published its latest findings, reaffirming that human-generated climate change is real. The World Meteorological Organization reported that the amount of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere reached a new record high in 2012, continuing an upward and accelerating trend. At the same time, the UN Environment Programme issued its 2013 Emissions Gap Report, outlining that the gap between what has been pledged so far in the way of emission reduction pledges and what is required for the world to stay below the agreed maximum two degrees Celsius temperature rise has widened compared to last year.
These latest findings constitute a clear call to action across all pillars of government, business and society, which need to take mutually reinforcing action to fight climate change.
COP19/CMP9 was an opportunity for governments to progress in several core areas: further clarifying the provision of finance to developing countries so they can cut their own emissions and build resilience; creating a mechanism to allow the poor and vulnerable to cope with irreversible damage from climate change; the concrete design of the new, universal climate change agreement; and immediate ways to reverse the trend of rising emissions.
As in the past, UNCDF followed the negotiations and maintained an active outreach to State Parties presenting the importance of the local government ‘financing window’ in the global climate finance architecture thorugh an event on "Creating Sustainable National and Local Level Financing Models for Climate Change Adaptation and Environment", and in particular its Local Climate Adaptive Living Facility (LoCAL) as an effective solution for tackling climate change challenges faced by local governments.