Finance For Food (F4F)
Significant progress has been made globally in recent years to reduce the number of people affected by hunger and food insecurity and accelerate progress towards the achievement of MDG 1 to halve the proportion of hungry people by 2015. The FAO estimates that figures for the chronically hungry in the developing world has reduced from almost a billion people in 1990-1992 to 791 million in 2012-2014. The importance of this continued effort to improve food security is highlighted by the inclusion of food security as one of the key challenges to be addressed by the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), in particular ending hunger, achieving food security and improved nutrition, and promoting sustainable agriculture (Goal 2). The cross-cutting nature of food security, with its impact on human health, educational attainment and access to economic opportunities, means that it also has significant implications for the achievement of other SDGs, such as ending poverty (Goal 1), ensuring healthy lives (Goal 3) and ensuring sustainable consumption and production patterns (Goal 12). The differentiated needs and roles of women and men in contributing to food security means that a gender perspective will be crucial to ensuring food security for all.
How We Are Helping?
Over the past years, UNCDF has implemented several local development projects with food security components. Past and current projects, such as the ones implemented jointly with the Belgian Fund for Food Security (BFFS) in Mali and Mozambique, show that addressing food security requires a stronger involvement of local actors, including local authorities, producers, farming organisations and rural households. The local level is of particular relevance in LDCs where climate zones can vary drastically within a country, production opportunities and systems are numerous, and transport links and general infrastructure are weak. A Local Food Systems (LFS) approach, as advocated by the present programme, allows us to consider all the elements of the local system in which foods are grown, produced, processed, distributed and consumed, within a determined territory. It is a holistic approach that not only recognises the broad range of stakeholders and the complexity of the food system, it also emphasises the importance of factors of proximity for ensuring a more sustainable approach to eradicating hunger and improving nutrition.